Windows DNS Server Behavior – Order of Operations:

In a Windows DNS server environment , if forwarders are configured, they take precedence over root hints for resolving external (non-local) domain names.

Order of Operations:

  1. Local Zones and Cache:
    • The DNS server first checks its local (authoritative) zones and cache for the requested record.
  2. Forwarders:
    • If the record is not found locally, the DNS server checks if any configured forwarders can resolve the record.
  3. Root Hints:
    • If no forwarders are configuredor if the forwarders fail to resolve the record, the DNS server will use the root hints to initiate the recursive resolution process.